Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Print version ISSN 0365-0596
ALCHORNE, Alice de Oliveira de Avelar; ALCHORNE, Maurício Mota de Avelar and SILVA, Marzia Macedo. Occupational dermatosis. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2010, vol.85, n.2, pp. 137-147. ISSN 0365-0596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962010000200003.
Occupational Dermatosis is described as any alteration in the skin, mucosa or annexes that is directly or indirectly caused, conditioned, maintained or aggravated by agents present in the occupational activity or work environment. The authors of the present study describe the importance of the topic and the epidemiology and etiopathogeny of the main forms of occupational dermatoses: allergic and irritative contact dermatitis, phytodermatitis, acne (elaioconioses and chloracne), keratosis, cancers, foreign body granuloma, infections, onychias, and ulcerations. Clinical findings of occupational dermatosis are presented in relation to various professions. Laboratory tests used to diagnose this condition are analysed, with special emphasis on patch testing, which is the gold standard. Information about the treatment and prevention of this disorder is provided. Collective and individual measures, especially regarding the proper use of individual protection equipment for the prevention of occupational dermatosis, are detailed.
Keywords : Barbering; Keratosis; Chloracne; Dermatitis, Contact; Dermatitis, Occupational.