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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
FURLAN, Fabricio Cecanho et al. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis: another condition that mimics syphilis. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2010, vol.85, n.5, pp.676-679. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962010000500011.
Syphilis, a disease that in the past was associated with significant morbidity and lethality rates, has resurged in recent years principally as a consequence of changes in risk behavior. An epidemiological group that is commonly affected is the HIV-infected population. The characteristics of the disease and its progression may differ in these patients. The present report describes a case of an HIV-positive male patient, who developed florid secondary syphilis: in addition to syphilitic roseola, he also presented with bilateral panuveitis and involvement of the central nervous system. Investigation revealed the prozone phenomenon and histological examination of the skin lesions showed the presence of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. This finding is extremely rare and few cases have been documented.
Keywords : Histology; Syphilis; Syphilis serodiagnosis; HIV; Vasculitis.