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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
VIEIRA, Fátima Mendonça Jorge; AOKI, Valéria; OLIVEIRA, Zilda Najjar Prado de and MARTINS, José Eduardo Costa. Study of direct immunofluorescence, immunofluorescence mapping and light microscopy in porphyria cutanea tarda. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2010, vol.85, n.6, pp.827-837. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962010000600008.
BACKGROUND: Even though porphyria cutanea tarda is the most frequent type of porphyria, there are few studies about its cutaneous physiopathology. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate skin changes in porphyria cutanea tarda using light microscopy and direct immunofluorescence before and after treatment with chloroquine. To perform antigen immunomapping of bullae to study their level of cleavage. METHODS: Light microscopy and direct immunofluorescence of 28 patients are reported in three different phases: 23 patients with active porphyria before treatment (Phase A), 7 patients with clinical remission during treatment (Phase B), and 8 patients with biochemical remission (Phase C). Immunomapping was performed on 7 patients. RESULTS: In active porphyria, direct immunofluorescence showed homogenous and intense fluorescence on the inside and on the walls of blood vessels as well as in the dermal-epidermal junction. In clinical remission (Phase B) and biochemical remission (Phase C), the deposit of immunoglobulins was maintained, but the deposit of complement was reduced in most cases. Immunomapping revealed no standard cleavage plane. CONCLUSION: No correlation was observed between clinical response and immunoglobulin deposits. The reduction of complement favors the hypothesis that activation of the complement cascade represents an additional pathway that leads to endothelial damage.
Keywords : Fluorescent antibody technique; Microscopy; Porphyria cutanea tarda; Porphyria cutanea tarda [physiopathology].