Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Print version ISSN 0365-0596
FERREIRA, Flávia Regina; NASCIMENTO, Luiz Fernando Costa and CIRVIDIU, Denise Camargo. Prevalence of pediatric dermatoses in a university hospital in southeastern Brazil. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2011, vol.86, n.3, pp. 477-482. ISSN 0365-0596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962011000300009.
BACKGROUND: Numerous dermatoses affects children, depending on age, region and socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of pediatric dermatoses at the Dermatology Department of a University Hospital, involving the diagnosis, age and sex. METHODS: Epidemiologic cross-sectional study carried out in the period between July 2006 and December 2007. There were reviewed the handbooks of 264 patients from the Pediatric Dermatology Department of a University Hospital in this period. The dependent variable was the existence or not of dermatoses in children of age up to 19 years. Independent variables were: clinical diagnosis, sex and age. RESULTS: Of the 264 handbooks reviewed, there was a higher prevalence of allergic dermatoses in 74 cases (28,0%), followed by inflammatory dermatoses in 49 cases (18,6%), pigmentary dermatoses in 42 cases (15,9%), infectious dermatoses with 38 cases (14,4%), benign tumors in 25 cases (9,5%), miscellaneous in 14 cases (5,3%), genodermatosis with 12 cases (4,5%) and skin annexes disorders with 10 cases (3,8%). The infants represented 11,3 % of the total, the pre-school 15,9 %, the schoolboys 48,8 %, and the adolescents 23,8 %. There was greater prevalence of allergic dermatoses in pre-school with 15 cases (35,7%), infants with 10 cases (33,3%) and schoolboys with 39 cases (30,2 %). Among adolescents are highlighted inflammatory dermatoses. The study showed no statistical differences between sex and age. CONCLUSIONS: The study of the epidemiological profile makes easy the diagnosis of pediatric dermatoses encouraging good history and search for prevention
Keywords : Adolescent health; Child health (Public health); Epidemiology; Skin diseases.