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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
CRIADO, Paulo Ricardo et al. Superficial mycosis and the immune response elements. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2011, vol.86, n.4, pp.726-731. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962011000400015.
Superficial mycoses are prevalent worldwide. They are often caused by dermatophytes and restricted to the stratum corneum. The host's immune response against infections caused by dermatophytes basically depends on the host's defense against metabolites of the fungi, virulence of the infecting strain or species and anatomical site of the infection. We will review some of the factors of the host's immune defense that influence the efficacy of the immune response. We will particularly review the role of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), such as toll-like receptors or lectin receptors (DCSIGN and Dectin 2), which participate in the innate immune response, bringing specificity to the immune response and setting its pattern. The predominance of a cellular or humoral immune response determines the clinical manifestations and the prognosis of the infection, leading to healing or chronicity
Keywords : Allergy and immunology; Fungi; Inflammation mediators; Integumentary system.