Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
DIAS, Eleonora Dantas; CUNHA, Maria da Graça Souza and TALHARI, Sinésio. The profile of the dermatoses in children with the HIV virus at the Fundação de Medicina Tropical do Amazonas. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2012, vol.87, n.3, pp.396-402. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962012000300007.
BACKGROUND: The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) constitutes a sub-epidemic in Brazil. Due to the increasing number of women infected by the virus, the vertical transmission increased substantially, and due to the lack of adequate prophylactic treatment, many children are infected and show manifestations of the disease in early ages. Multiple systems are affected by the HIV virus, and the skin is often the first organ to be involved. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to analyze the clinic, dermatological and epidemiological profiles of children carriers of the virus in the City of Manaus aiming at identifying the most frequent dermatoses that affect these children and try to relate these dermatoses to the immunologic deterioration. METHODS: A study was conducted where children carriers of the HIV virus from the Fundação Alfredo da Matta and Fundação de Medicina Tropical were studied from March 2007 to July 2008. These children were submitted to dermatological and laboratorial exams such as viral load dosage and CD4+ and CD8+ counts. RESULTS: During the study period, 70 HIV + children were examined; all of them had AIDS and had been contaminated by vertical transmission. The average number of dermatoses by children was 1.73, and 95.5% had at least one dermatosis during the study period. The most frequent manifestations were atopic dermatitis (22.9%), childhood prurigo (20%) and warts (18,6%). CONCLUSIONS: Children with HIV/AIDS have more skin disorders than children without HIV/AIDS. There was no statistical difference between the children in the group using ARVT and the group that wasn't using it.
Keywords : disabled children; HIV; minors; skin diseases.