Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
FRAGA, Naiara Abreu de Azevedo et al. Psoriasis and uveitis: a literature review. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2012, vol.87, n.6, pp.877-883. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962012000600009.
Psoriasis is a systemic, chronic, immunologically mediated disease, with significant genetic and environmental influences. It affects from 1 to 3% of the world population. Recently, the relation between psoriasis and different comorbidities, particularly metabolic syndrome, has become extremely relevant. Uveitis is characterized by a process of intraocular inflammation resulting from various causes. Considering psoriasis and uveitis as immune-mediated diseases, this study aims to evaluate the possible association of psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis with uveitis and its subtypes. Few studies have evaluated the association of uveitis and psoriasis without joint involvement. It seems that psoriasis without arthropathy is not a risk factor for the development of uveitis. Uveitis tends to develop more frequently in patients with arthropathy or pustular psoriasis than in patients with other forms of psoriasis. Ophthalmic examination should be performed periodically in patients with psoriasis and uveitis. If ophthalmopathy is diagnosed, the patient should receive adequate treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs or immunomodulators to prevent vision loss.
Keywords : Arthritis, psoriatic; Psoriasis; Uveitis.