Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
On-line version ISSN 1806-4841
BREUNIG, Juliano de Avelar; HARTMANN, Mariana; FREIRE, Cristiano Firpo and ALMEIDA JR, Hiram Larangeira de. Harlequin syndrome in childhood: case report. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2012, vol.87, n.6, pp.907-909. ISSN 1806-4841. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0365-05962012000600015.
Harlequin syndrome happens in only one side of the face. In the affected half, the face does not sweat or flush even with simulation. Arms and trunk could also be affected. This condition is induced by heat, exercise and emotional factors. The article reports a case of a nine-year-old female with a 3-year history of unilateral flushing and sweating after exercise; a brief literature review is included. Despite the rarity of this syndrome, dermatologists should recognize this condition and refer these patients to ophthalmological and neurological examination.
Keywords : Erythema; Hypohidrosis; Pediatrics; Syndrome.