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Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia

versão impressa ISSN 0365-0596

Resumo

MANZONI, Ana Paula Dornelles da Silva et al. Assessing depression and anxiety in the caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic skin disorders. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2013, vol.88, n.6, pp.894-899. ISSN 0365-0596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20131915.

BACKGROUND:

The literature has shown that the presence of emotional disturbances in caregivers of children with skin diseases affects the course and treatment of the disease. Anxiety and depression are among the most frequently reported psychiatric diagnoses related to this fact.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the presence of anxiety and depression in caregivers of pediatric patients with chronic skin disorders, exemplified by atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and vitiligo, and correlate them to the quality of life of the patients.

METHODS:

The sample consisted of 118 patients with atopic dermatitis, vitiligo and psoriasis, monitored by their main caregiver. The levels of anxiety and depression in the caregivers were assessed using the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory, respectively. The Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index was applied.

RESULTS:

Anxiety was observed in 36% of the caregivers of the patients with atopic dermatitis, in 36% of those of children affected by psoriasis, and in 42% of those responsible for pediatric patients with vitiligo. Depression occurred in 36% of the caregivers of patients with atopic dermatitis, in 36% of those of children affected by psoriasis and in 26% of those responsible for pediatric patients with vitiligo. There was a significant correlation between poor quality of life scores in patients with vitiligo and the presence of depression and anxiety in their caregivers.

CONCLUSION:

Emotional disorders tend to be present among close family members of children with the chronic skin diseases studied and their prevention can help in controlling and treating these diseases.

Palavras-chave : Anxiety; Depression; Dermatitis, atopic; Psoriasis; Vitiligo.

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