versión impresa ISSN 0366-6913
OLIVEIRA, I. R. de; STUDART, A. R.; SILVA JUNIOR, F. A. e y PANDOLFELLI, V. C.. Review article: stabilization of graphite-containing aqueous suspensions. Cerâmica [online]. 2000, vol.46, n.300, pp. 186-195. ISSN 0366-6913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132000000400004.
The application of graphite-containing refractories has increased enormously over the latest ten years, especially in the case of refractory castables. Graphite in such refractories contributes to the reduction of the material thermal expansion and improvement on its thermal shock resistance, fracture energy and slag resistance. However, the low wettability of graphite in water and organic liquids represents a barrier to its processing. Therefore, a surface treatment of graphite particles is required to improve its wettability and enable its dispersion in aqueous suspensions. The main structural and surface characteristics responsible for the low wettability of graphite, as well as the most common surface treatment methods applied are discussed in the present review article. Such surface treatment methods include the surface covering of graphite by hydrophilic species and the adsorption of active agents on the surface, such as surfactants and polyelectrolytes.
Palabras llave : refractory castables.