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On-line version ISSN 1678-4553
CIACO, F. R. C. et al. The role of network modifiers in the production of photoluminescence in CaWO4. Cerâmica [online]. 2004, vol.50, n.313, pp. 43-49. ISSN 1678-4553. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132004000100007.
We discuss the nature of visible photoluminescence at room temperature in amorphous calcium tungstate taking into account the results of recent experimental and quantum mechanical theoretical studies. Our investigation of the electronic structure involved the use of first-principle molecular calculations to simulate the variation of the electronic structure in the calcium tungstate crystalline phase, which is known to have a direct band gap, and we also made an in-depth examination of amorphous calcium tungstate. The results of our theoretical calculations of amorphous calcium tungstate indicate that the formation of threefold coordination in the amorphous system may introduce delocalized electronic levels in the HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) and the LUMO (lowest unoccupied molecular orbital). These delocalized electronics levels are related to the formation of a tail in the absorbency spectrum curve. The results indicate that amorphous calcium tungstate has the conduction band near the band gap dominated by Ca states contribution. Experimental optical absorption measurements showed the presence of a tail. These results are interpreted by the nature of these exponential optical edges and tails, associated with defects promoted by the disordered structure of the amorphous material. We associate them with delocalized states in the band gap.
Keywords : photoluminescence; chemical processing; quantum mechanics.