Print version ISSN 0366-6913
FERRAZ, W. B. and SABIONI, A. C. S.. Diffusion of gadolinium in the UO2 nuclear fuel. Cerâmica [online]. 2006, vol.52, n.323, pp. 143-148. ISSN 0366-6913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132006000300006.
Bulk and grain-boundary diffusion coefficients were measured for gadolinium diffusion in UO2 nuclear fuel pellets. Between 1500 and 1703 ºC, in hydrogen atmosphere, the bulk diffusion coefficient can be described by the following Arrhenius equation: D (cm2/s) = 5,3x10-3 exp (-5,1(eV)/kT) . In the same temperature range and in the same atmosphere, the Gd grain-boundary coefficient in UO2 can be described as follows: D' d (cm3 / s) = 1,1x1,0-2 exp (-6,3 (eV) / kT), where D´ is the grain-boundary diffusion coefficient and d is the grain-boundary width. Our results show that the grain-boundary diffusion is ca. 4 orders of magnitude greater than the bulk diffusion in the same experimental conditions. Isotopic effect was not observed for the diffusion of the different gadolinium isotopes used in this work. There is no data in the literature about gadolinium diffusion in UO2 to compare to the present results.
Keywords : nuclear fuel; Gd; UO2; bulk diffusion; grain-boundary diffusion.