On-line version ISSN 1678-4553
SINGH, D.; KUMAR, R.; KUMAR, A. and RAI, K. N.. Synthesis and characterization of rice husk silica, silica-carbon composite and H3PO4 activated silica. Cerâmica [online]. 2008, vol.54, n.330, pp. 203-212. ISSN 1678-4553. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132008000200011.
This paper discusses synthesis and characterization of (i) rice husk based nanosilica, (ii) nanosilica carbon composite granules and (iii) phosphoric acid activated ash silica. These have been produced by burning husk in air, charring husk in hydrogen and activating husk silica with H3PO4 respectively. X-ray diffraction studies of these products reveal increasing peak width (amorphosity) with decreasing burning temperature. The activated rice husk silica transforms to crystalline product when burnt above 1000 ºC. The variation of surface area and pore volume with burning temperature show different behavior for air fired and hydrogen charred products. Activation energy associated with change in surface area for air fired and hydrogen charred samples have also been studied. Rate of variation in surface area with temperature indicate different trend. The validations of these products have been evaluated by decolorizing capacity of standard molasses and iodine solution. The adsorptive powers of these products have been found to be highest for activated silica and lowest for hydrogenated ash.
Keywords : rice husk; silica; silica-carbon.