Print version ISSN 0366-6913
MULLER, D. et al. Processing and characterization of fibrous ceramic filters. Cerâmica [online]. 2009, vol.55, n.335, pp. 318-325. ISSN 0366-6913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132009000300012.
Filters with fibrous structure were produced from low cost, commercially available raw materials and characterized for aerosol filtration. Refractory aluminosilicate fibers were uniaxially pressed with polyvinyl acetate as binder. Different pressures were applied, which yielded samples with different porosities. After pressing, the samples were heat treated at 500 ºC during 1 h in air for debinding with subsequent sintering at 1200 ºC for 1 h, which resulted in porous fibrous structures composed mainly by mullite (3SiO2.2Al2O3) with porosity in the range of 50%-75%. The microstructure of the fibrous filters was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, which revealed a porous morphology comprised by three-dimensional interconnected fibers. Mechanical strength was measured by compressive and 4-point bending tests. Permeability and particle collection efficiency were evaluated and compared with commercially available filters. The permeability and collection efficiency values are in the order of magnitude of cellular supports for aerosol filters and, therefore, suitable for several technological applications.
Keywords : fibrous ceramic filters; mechanical properties; permeability; aerosol filtration.