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Cerâmica

versão impressa ISSN 0366-6913

Resumo

AMARAL, L. F.; OLIVEIRA, I. R. de; SALOMAO, R.  e  PANDOLFELLI, V. C.. Chelants as magnesia anti-hydration additives. Cerâmica [online]. 2009, vol.55, n.336, pp.400-407. ISSN 0366-6913.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132009000400010.

Magnesia addition to the refractory castables improves the refractoriness and basic slag corrosion resistance. However, in contact with water, magnesia hydrates by an expansive reaction resulting magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2. If this expansion is not controlled or reduced, it can lead to the rupture and under harsh conditions, to material dusting. In this study, additives known as chelants were added to the magnesia sinter suspensions, with or without calcium aluminate cement, with the objective to inhibit the hydration reaction. Considering the chemical aspects, zeta potential and hydration degree were measured and the changes on the surface charge of magnesia caused by the additives adsorption were correlated to the hydroxide amount generated. Concerning the physical and mechanical aspects, apparent volumetric expansion was recorded. The best additive anti-hydration for the samples containing cement was citric acid. Just 0.3wt% was enough to almost inhibit completely the Mg(OH)2 formation, and led to no expansion.

Palavras-chave : magnesia; brucite; hydration; chelant.

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