Print version ISSN 0366-6913
KITOUNI, S. and HARABI, A.. Sintering and mechanical properties of porcelains prepared from algerian raw materials. Cerâmica [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.344, pp. 453-460. ISSN 0366-6913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0366-69132011000400013.
Porcelain is a type of ceramics highly valued for its beauty and strength. The overall goal of this work is to utilize local raw materials within the following fractions: 37 wt.% kaolin, 35 wt.% feldspar and 28 wt.% quartz. This composition has been selected on the basis of the ternary phase diagrams (kaolin-feldspar-quartz). The densification behaviour indicated that specimens sintered at 1200 °C for 2 h with a heating rate of 5 °C/min, have a bulk density of about 2.50 g/cm3. This value is slightly higher than that reported for the conventional porcelain products (2.45 g/cm3). Porcelain specimens with and without calcination sintered at 1200 °C for 2 h have tensile strength values of about 45 and 73 MPa, respectively (equivalent flexural strength values of about 122 and 197 MPa, respectively). The flexural strength values of both specimens are much higher than those reported for conventional porcelains (ranged between 60 and 80 MPa). Furthermore, the value of micro-hardness of the fired samples without calcination at 1200 °C is 9.3 ± 0.2 GPa which is higher than the commercial porcelain products (5.5 GPa).
Keywords : porcelain; kaolin; feldspar; quartz; density; strength.