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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas

versão impressa ISSN 0370-4467versão On-line ISSN 1807-0353

Resumo

VEIT, Hugo Marcelo; BERNARDES, Andréa Moura; BERTUOL, Daniel Assumpção  e  OLIVEIRA, Cláudia Trindade. Use of mechanical and electrochemical process for recycling of copper from electronic scraps. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2008, vol.61, n.2, pp.159-164. ISSN 0370-4467.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672008000200008.

The constant growth in the generation of solid residues in the world stimulates studies for most types of residual recycling. In this work Printed Circuit Boards, that are part of electronic scraps and are found in electro-electronic equipment, were studied. Printed Circuit Boards are composed of polymers, ceramics and metals, making their processing difficult. During the first stage of this work, mechanical processes, such as comminution, sizing, magnetic and electrostatic separation were used to obtain two concentrated fractions”one with metals (mainly Cu) and the other with polymers and ceramics. During the second stage, the metal-concentrated fraction was dissolved with acids and treated in an electrochemical process to separate the metals. The results were that there was more than a 50% copper content in most of the conductive fractions and also, a significant content of Pb and Sn. This demonstrated the technical feasibility of copper recovery using mechanical processing followed by an electrometallurgical technique. The copper content in solution decayed quickly in all the experiments and the copper obtained by electrowinning was above 97% in most of the tests.

Palavras-chave : Recycling; copper; printed circuit boards.

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