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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas

versão impressa ISSN 0370-4467versão On-line ISSN 1807-0353

Resumo

ROJAS, Arol Josue; BELLO, Rosa Maria da Silveira; ENDO, Issamu  e  GANDINI, Antonio Luciano. Mineralogical and microthermometric studies and structural aspects of imperial topaz mineralization in Antônio Pereira, Ouro Preto District (Minas Gerais) - Brazil. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2009, vol.62, n.1, pp.9-16. ISSN 0370-4467.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672009000100003.

The occurrences of imperial topaz in the Antonio Pereira mine, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, are associated with the metamorphic carbonate rocks of the Minas Supergroup. The crystals have densities varying from 3.46 to 3.58. The parameters of the unitary cells obtained were: 4.658 to 4.663Å (ao), 8.823 to 8.832Å (bo), 8.382 to 8.389Å (co), and 344.65 to 345.46Å3 (V). The refraction indices presented the following variations: 1.622 to 1.630 (nX), 1.624 to 1.632 (nY), 1.633 to 1.640 (nZ), and 0.008 to 0.011 (B). These properties are coherent with the low fluorine contents obtained (16,48%/17,05wt%). infrared spectroscopy and microthermometry showed that the fluid inclusions, which represent the mineralizing fluids, are formed by H2O (with Ca2+, Mg2+ and Na+), and CO2 ± CH4. The minimal trapping T-P conditions of 290/320°C and 2,349/2,497bar were obtained for the primary fluid inclusions. The pseudo-secondary fluid inclusions were trapped at conditions of lower temperatures and variable pressures, during the deformation process under local alternating states of stress. The microthermometric studies, the structural analysis and the fluorine contents suggest that the mineralized veins were formed from hydrothermal fluids originated during the Brasiliano tectono-metamorphic event.

Palavras-chave : Imperial topaz; Ouro Preto; fluid inclusions.

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