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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas
versión On-line ISSN 1807-0353
GONCALVES, Gislayne Elisana et al. Synthesis and characterization of mullite using silica from rice husk. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2009, vol.62, n.3, pp. 367-372. ISSN 1807-0353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672009000300016.
Mullite, composed of 1,4Al2O3.SiO2 was synthesized using commercial α-alumina (Alpha Cesar Company) and silica obtained from the calcinations of rice husk. This silica exhibits a high specific surface area, high purity and small average particle diameter. Silica (26.2 wt.%) and α-alumina powders (71.8 wt. %) were mixed and homogenized using an alumina orbital disc mill before and after the calcinations at 1100ºC for 4 h in an air atmosphere. Then, the powders were pressed uniaxially at a pressure of 1200 MPa. The green compacts were sintered at 1650ºC, for 4 h, in air. The density of compacted sintering samples was determined using the hydrostatic method. The chemical and structural properties were observed using ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma), XRD (X-ray diffraction) and 29Si MAS (Magic Angle Spinning) NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) and the microstructural characterization performed using SEM (Scanning Electron Micrography). The results show that it is possible to synthesize mullite ceramic of high-purity and with little glassy phase from the α-alumina and silica obtained from the rice husk that is purified and calcinated.
Palabras clave : Rice husk; mullite; 3Al2O3.2SiO2.