Rem: Revista Escola de Minas
versão impressa ISSN 0370-4467
SILVA, Christian Egidio da e OTUBO, Jorge. The influence of austenitizing and chemical composition on the microstructures of shape memory stainless steel. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2010, vol.63, n.1, pp.33-37. ISSN 0370-4467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672010000100006.
In this work, three stainless steel alloys (Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni) with shape memory effects were studied by varying austenitizing time and temperature - from 800ºC to 1050ºC for 2400s and from 600s to 57600s at 1050°C - followed by a water quenching. Optical microscopy results showed no grain size variation up to 900ºC with its average dimensions around 30µm. From 950ºC to 1050ºC, an increase of grain size was noted when compared to 900ºC and less. It is possible to note an increase of twice the grain size from 950ºC to 1050ºC. The results also show that the influence of the treatment temperature on grain growth seems to be more significant than the time elapsed. Also, it was observed that the grain growth depended on the chemical composition, being lower for the alloy with lower man-ganese and higher chromium content.
Palavras-chave : Shape memory alloy; Fe-Mn-Si-Ni-Cr; heat treatment; stainless steel.