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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas

Print version ISSN 0370-4467

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, Fábio Soares de; ABRAHAO, Walter Antônio Pereira; SCHAEFER, Carlos Ernesto Gonçalves Reynaud  and  SIMAS, Felipe Nogueira Bello. Geomorphological and paleogeographical implications of the phosphatized crusts in the São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago, North Atlantic. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2010, vol.63, n.2, pp.239-246. ISSN 0370-4467.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672010000200006.

In the São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago, deposition of bird excrements has been responsible for rock phosphatization, generating phosphatized crusts. This study describes these crusts and establishes their geomorphological and paleogeografical implications, based on methodologies such as field observation, description and sampling, as well as, laboratorial analyses (geochemical, mineralogical and microscopic). The crusts were defined as features of excrement accumulation, with high P content and mineralized surfaces over homogeneous rocks (milonitizaded peridotites). The hydrophobic behavior of these crusts protects the underlying rock against the accelerated advance of chemical weathering and, consequently, the role of erosion processes, developing steeper and more convex slopes. In contrast, at sites in which the formation of the crust has not been verified, the rock is more weathered and the slopes more concave. The presence of these crusts also indicates an arid paleo-environment, where guano accumulation was possible, differently from present-day climate conditions.

Keywords : Phosphatization, phosphatized crusts; geomorphological implications; São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago.

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