Rem: Revista Escola de Minas
Print version ISSN 0370-4467
MELLO FILHO, Carlos Henrique Ramos; OLIVEIRA, José Roberto de; ESPINOSA, Denise Crocce Romano and TENORIO, Jorge Alberto Soares. Characterization and application of the solid waste generated in the production of calcium carbonate precipitate as a corrective for the soil acidity. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2010, vol.63, n.2, pp. 271-277. ISSN 0370-4467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672010000200010.
The calcium carbonate industry generates solid waste products which, because of their high alkaline content (CaO, CaCO3 and Ca (OH)2 ), have a substantial impact on the environment. The objectives of this study are to characterize and classify the solid waste products, which are generated during the hydration process of the calcium carbonate industry, according to ABNT's NBR 10.000 series, and to determine the potential and efficiency of using these solid residues to correct soil acidity. Initially, the studied residue was submitted to gross mass, leaching, solubility, pH, X-ray Diffractometry, Inductive Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), granularity and humidity analyses. The potential and efficiency of the residue for correcting soil acidity was determined by analysis of the quality attributes for soil correctives (PN, PRNT, Ca and Mg contents, granularity). Consequently, the results show that the studied residue may be used as a soil acidity corrective, considering that a typical corrective compound is recommended for each different type of soil. Additionally, the product must be further treated (dried and ground) to suit the specific requirements of the consumer market.
Keywords : Industrial solid waste; soil; acidity; correcting.