Rem: Revista Escola de Minas
Print version ISSN 0370-4467
SANTOS, Marcelo Nascimento; ROCHA, Paulo Anderson Santana; SILVA, Andréa Regina Dias da and SILVEIRA, Ricardo Azoubel da Mota. Application of a nonlinear hybrid finite element in the structural steel modeling. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2012, vol.65, n.1, pp. 19-28. ISSN 0370-4467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672012000100004.
In this work, a hybrid finite element that incorporates in its formulation the second-order effect, material yielding and connection flexibility effects are presented to study the behavior of plane steel frames. In fact, it is the classic beam-column finite element that presents, at its ends, pairs of springs arranged in sequence. One of the springs is represented in the mathematical formulation of this element by the parameter Sc, which defines the joint stiffness of the members; the other spring, whose rigidity is simulated by the parameter Ss, evaluates the plastification of the cross section. The element stiffness matrix incorporates these three mentioned nonlinear effects. Therefore, the aim of this work is to investigate the computer efficiency of this hybrid finite element in the isolated and combined simulation of these nonlinear effects. Initially, equilibrium and stability of classic structural problems with high nonlinear behavior and critical points in the equilibrium paths are studied. Semi-rigid structural systems with initial geometric imperfections are also evaluated. Later, the hybrid element is tested in the inelastic analysis of plane steel frames based on refined plastic-hinge method. Through these examples, it was possible to validate and verify the use of the proposed hybrid finite element in the numerical modeling of various nonlinear structural problems in civil engineering.
Keywords : Hybrid finite element; nonlinear analysis; finite element method; structural stability.