Rem: Revista Escola de Minas
Print version ISSN 0370-4467
SOUSA, Lilian Masetti Lobo Soares de; OLIVEIRA FILHO, Waldyr Lopes de and LIMA, Hernani Mota de. Haul roads structural design in open pit mines. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2012, vol.65, n.2, pp. 279-284. ISSN 0370-4467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0370-44672012000200018.
An unpaved mine haul road, based on CBR and DNER empirical methods, was designed using materials which are typical in current Brazilian iron ore mining. By means of the mechanistic-empirical structural ELSYM5 software, the results obtained by previous methods were compared and an optimization of the DNER design was proposed. The results demonstrate that the total thickness of the pavement calculated by the two methods is basically the same and that the base layer thickness calculated by the DNER method is superior to the one obtained by the CBR method, whereas the opposite occurs in relation to the sub-base. Both designs show through the application of ELSYM5 software that they are not the most appropriate, since the strain of some layers, especially in the CBR case, is above the acceptable limit of 2000 µε. Analyzing the variation of the layer's thickness, it was possible to obtain an adequate design, which led to the reduction of the total pavement layer thickness from 1.97 m to 1.40 m. The reduction of the layer's strain in which the elastic modulus was submitted to variation, demonstrates the importance of performing tests for the physical characterization of materials.
Keywords : Mine haul road; structural design; CBR and DNER empirical methods; mechanistic-empirical methods.