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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia

Print version ISSN 0482-5004On-line version ISSN 1809-4570


NEVES, Paula da Silva et al. Herpes zoster in patients with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2007, vol.47, n.2, pp.135-139. ISSN 0482-5004.

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in patients with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) has been rarely described. 195 hospitalizations of 77 JSLE patients occurred in a period of 12 years and were followed at the Pediatric Rheumatology Unity of the Instituto da Criança - Hospital das Clínicas - Universidade de São Paulo. Eleven patients (14%), 10 female, had 14 hospitalizations (7.1%) due to VZV. In these patients, the mean age was 16 years and 5 months and the mean duration of the JSLE until the first infection was 4 years. All of these VZV infections were associated with disease activity. All patients presented vesicles and blister lesions along a nerve. The thorax and limbs regions were the most frequently affected. All of the patients received prednisone and 4 cyclophosphamide IV. All patients received acyclovir IV from 7 to 10 days. None of the patients had post-herpetic neuralgia, secondary bacterial infection or died. One patient that was receiving acyclovir had acute blindness by bilateral retinal necrosis vasculitis associated to the VZV, needed two applications of intra-vitreous gancyclovir and immunoglobulin (2 g/kg/dose IV) and her vision partially improved. VZV infection in patients with JSLE was rarely observed and was usually associated with disease activity and steroid use. Infection was controlled with acyclovir without serious adverse complications.

Keywords : juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus; corticosteroids; cyclophosphamide; infection; varicella zoster virus; acyclovir.

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