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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia

Print version ISSN 0482-5004On-line version ISSN 1809-4570

Abstract

SANTOS-NETO, Leopoldo Luiz dos; ANDRADE, Elvis Henrique Santos; WATANABE-SILVA, Carlos Hirokatsu  and  YAMAKAWA, Patrícia Eiko. Uncommon presentation of vasculitis associated to infection with hepatitis C vírus. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2007, vol.47, n.6, pp.451-454. ISSN 0482-5004.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042007000600011.

Vasculitis is a pleomorfic inflammatory syndrome that involves mainly the wall of blood vessels. The hepatitis C virus infection may be associated to extra-hepatic manifestations, including autoimmune diseases. Two forms of vasculitis have been associated to hepatitis C virus, namely: mixed cryoglobulinemia and polyarteritis nodosa. The diagnosis and the therapeutic management of these conditions are clinical challenges. There are few data available in the literature about the antiviral treatment efficacy in patients with hepatitis C virus and autoimmune diseases. We describe an unusual patient displaying vasculitis of small vessels and with hepatitis C virus infection.

Keywords : cryoglobulimemia; polyarteritis nodosa; vasculitis; hepatitis C virus.

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