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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia

versión impresa ISSN 0482-5004

Resumen

CORREA, Marcelo José Uchoa; PERAZZIO, Sandro F; ANDRADE, Luís Eduardo Coelho  y  KAYSER, Cristiane. Quantification of basal digital blood flow and after cold stimulus by laser doppler imaging in patients with systemic sclerosis. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2010, vol.50, n.2, pp.128-134. ISSN 0482-5004.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042010000200003.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the dynamic behavior of the blood flow of the microvascular circulation of the fingertips before and after two cold stimuli (CS), using Laser Doppler Imaging with different intensities in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and in healthy individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen SSc patients (51.2 ± 5.5 years) with Raynaud's phenomenon and 12 healthy controls (44.8 ± 9.0 years) were included in this study. Two CS protocols (submersion of the hands in water at 10 ºC or 15 ºC for 1 minute) were performed on the same day. Mean fingertip blood flow (FBF) of four digits of the left hand was measured using LDI (Moor LDI-VR, Moor Instruments) at baseline and at 1, 4, 10, 25, and 40 minutes after CS. RESULTS: Baseline blood flow was significantly lower in both CS protocols in SSc patients when compared to controls (312.9 ± 102.7 vs 465.4 ± 135.4 PU, P = 0.006 at 15 ºC; 305.2 ± 121.0 vs 437.9 ± 119.8 PU; P = 0.01 at 10 ºC). In the control group, a significant decrease in FBF after CS, when compared to baseline, was observed 1 minute (P = 0.001) after CS at 15 ºC and at 1 (P = 0.005) and 25 minutes (P = 0.001) after CS at 10 ºC. In SSc patients, a significant decrease in FBF was observed in both CS protocols at 1, 4, and 10 minutes (P < 0.000; P = 0.002; P = 0.014, after CS at 15 ºC; P < 0.000; P = 0.004; P = 0.001, after CS at 10 ºC). CONCLUSIONS: Laser Doppler Imaging showed lower baseline fingertip perfusion and further reduction after CS in SSc patients compared to controls. Quantification of fingertip blood flow by LDI may be useful in the longitudinal monitoring of the disease status and therapeutic interventions in SSc.

Palabras clave : systemic sclerosis; Raynaud's phenomenon; microcirculation; Laser Doppler Imaging.

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