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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
GUALANO, Bruno et al. Therapeutic effects of exercise training in patients with pediatric rheumatic diseases. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2011, vol.51, n.5, pp. 490-496. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042011000500008.
Over the past decades, the role of exercise training in rheumatic diseases has been largely explored. Currently, physical activity is well known to benefit patients with osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, exercise training has been considered a valuable tool for treating rheumatic patients. The therapeutic effects of exercise training have also been investigated in pediatric rheumatic diseases. Collectively, studies have revealed the therapeutic potential of exercise in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile dermatomyositis, juvenile fibromyalgia and other causes of chronic pain. The aim of this review is to familiarize the pediatric rheumatologist with the exercise science field; discuss the potential benefits of exercise training in pediatric rheumatic diseases, emphasize both research and clinical perspectives of this promising field; and propose practical models of pre-participation examinations and contraindications to exercise.
Keywords : physical fitness; motor activity; rheumatology; child.