Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
PICCOLI, Amanda Kirchner et al. Expression of complement regulatory proteins CD55, CD59, CD35, and CD46 in rheumatoid arthritis. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2011, vol.51, n.5, pp. 503-510. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042011000500009.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease associated with polyarticular inflammatory synovitis affecting mainly peripheral joints. It affects approximately 1% of the world population, being two to three times more prevalent in women. Rheumatoid arthritis has a complex and multifactorial pathogenesis. The synovium of the affected joints is infiltrated by T and B lymphocytes, macrophages, and granulocytes. The rheumatoid synovium has proliferative characteristics, forming the pannus, which invades cartilage and bone, leading to normal architecture destruction and function loss. The decreased expression of complement regulatory proteins (CRP) seems to play an important role in RA activity, and is associated with worsening of the clinical symptoms. In several models of autoimmune diseases, the overactivation of the complement system (CS) is the cause of disease exacerbation. This article aimed at reviewing the main aspects related to CS regulation in RA in order to provide a better understanding of the potential role of this system in the pathophysiology and activity of the disease.
Keywords : rheumatoid arthritis; complement system proteins; complement activation.