Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
BERTOLINI, Gladson Ricardo Flor et al. Use of high-voltage cathodic current for pain in experimental nerve compression. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2012, vol.52, n.2, pp. 214-220. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042012000200006.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of high-voltage cathodic current on pain from a sciatica experimental model. METHODS: A total of 16 male Wistar rats were submitted to the sciatica experimental model in the right hind paw. They were divided into sham group (GS) and group treated with cathodic current (GP-) for 20 min/daily, for 10 days). The model of sciatic compression was performed with a 4.0-chromic catgut thread tie in four points of the sciatic nerve. Assessment of nociception was performed by measuring the time during which the animal held its hind paw in a guarded position (THHP) and the pressure withdrawal threshold, by use of a digital electronic analgesymeter. Data collection was carried out before the sciatica experimental model (AS1), three days after compression (before, AS2, and after treatment, AS3), and five and 10 days after treatment (AS4 and AS5, respectively). RESULTS: According to the functional disability test, both groups showed an increase in nociception, with no reduction at any assessment time. Submitted to pressure, however, GS showed a reduction in the hind paw withdrawal threshold at all assessment times, while GP- showed a reduction in the hind paw withdrawal threshold only initially - at AS5, the threshold was restored. CONCLUSION: No change in nociception was observed on functional assessment; however, on pressure hind paw withdrawal assessment, the treatment with cathodic current showed to be effective with the summation of therapies.
Keywords : transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation; sciatic neuropathy; pain measurement.