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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
KLACK, Karin; BONFA, Eloisa and BORBA NETO, Eduardo Ferreira. Diet and nutritional aspects in systemic lupus erythematosus. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2012, vol.52, n.3, pp. 395-408. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042012000300009.
The authors reviewed the influence of nutritional factors on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and discussed an alternative treatment option. The autoimmunity and inflammatory process of SLE are related to the presence of dyslipidemia, obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, and metabolic syndrome, which should be properly considered to decrease cardiovascular risk. A diet with moderate protein and energy content, but rich in vitamins, minerals (especially antioxidants), and mono/polyunsaturated fatty acids can promote a beneficial protective effect against tissue damage and suppression of inflammatory activity, in addition to helping the treatment of those comorbidities. Diet therapy is a promising approach and some recommendations may offer a better quality of life to patients with SLE.
Keywords : systemic lupus erythematosus; diet; nutrition assessment; nutrition programs.