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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
KEUSSEYAN, Silene Peres et al. Diagnostic performance and clinical associations of antibodies to the chromatin antigenic system in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2012, vol.52, n.5, pp.703-712. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042012000500005.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of antibodies to chromatin components in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), and to correlate the presence of these autoantibodies with clinical manifestations and disease activity. METHODS: Anti-chromatin (anti-CHR), anti-nucleosome core particle (anti-NCS) and anti-dsDNA antibodies were measured in 175 individuals, including 37 patients with active JSLE and 41 with inactive disease, 47 non-lupus autoimmune disease patients (non-lupus AD), and 50 healthy children. An in-house ELISA was developed with purified nucleosome core particles from calf thymus to determine IgG and IgG3 anti-NCS antibodies. Anti-CHR and anti-dsDNA antibodies were detected by commercial ELISA kits (INOVA). RESULTS: Anti-NCS and anti-CHR antibodies exhibited high specificity for JSLE and similar frequency in active and inactive JSLE. Anti-CHR and IgG/IgG3 anti-NCS serum levels did not differ between active and inactive JSLE. SLEDAI correlated with anti-dsDNA antibodies but not with antibodies to other chromatin components. There was association of anti-dsDNA, anti-CHR and IgG/IgG3 anti-NCS antibodies with proteinuria and low C4 serum levels. Anti-NCS antibodies in the absence of anti-dsDNA were observed in 14% of the JSLE patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that anti-NCS and anti-CHR antibodies are relevant diagnostic markers for JSLE and appear to be correlated with JSLE lupus nephritis activity. IgG3 isotype anti-NCS antibodies do not seem to be more relevant than IgG anti-NCS antibodies as markers of disease activity or active nephritis in JSLE.
Keywords : nucleosomes; antinuclear antibodies; systemic lupus erythematosus; nephritis; chromatin.