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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Print version ISSN 0482-5004
STRECK, Aline de Souza et al. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and systemic lupus erythematosus: report of two cases. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2012, vol.52, n.5, pp. 807-810. ISSN 0482-5004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0482-50042012000500016.
The posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a novel entity clinically manifested by headache, changes of sensorium, seizures, and visual loss. PRES pathogenesis has not been fully clarified. The entity can be associated to a variety of clinical conditions, mainly hypertension, renal insufficiency and immunosuppressive therapy. A possible link of autoimmune disorders with PRES has been recently hypothesized. We herein describe two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus whereby PRES was triggered by different factors.
Keywords : systemic lupus erythematosus; neuropsychiatric manifestations; posterior encephalopathy syndrome.