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Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia

versão impressa ISSN 0482-5004


CETIN, Gozde Yildirim et al. Evaluation of frequency and the attacks features of patients with colchicine resistance in FMF. Rev. Bras. Reumatol. [online]. 2014, vol.54, n.5, pp.356-359. ISSN 0482-5004.


Colchicine is the mainstay for the treatment of FMF, which is an auto-inflammatory disease mainly with relapsing polyserositis. Despite daily doses of 2 mg or more each day, approximately 5% to 10% of the patients continue to suffer from its attacks. In this study, we aimed to investigate the depression and attack features in patients with FMF who have colchicine resistance (CR).

Patients e Methods:

CR was defined for FMF patients with 2 or more attacks within the last 6 months period while using 2 mg/day colchicine. Eighteen patients (9 Female/9 Male) were enrolled into the CR group and 41 patients were enrolled into the control group (12 Male/29 Female). Demographic, clinical e laboratory findings, treatment adherence, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores were evaluated.


The age of onset of FMF was significantly lower in the CR group (12.3 yrs vs. 16.9 yrs, P = 0.03). Disease duration was longer in the CR group (P = 0.01). Abdominal and leg pain due to exercise were significantly more frequent in the CR group versus controls (83% vs. 51%; P = 0.02 e 88% vs. 60%; P = 0.04, respectively). Patients with BDI scores over 17 points were more frequent in the CR group compared to controls (50% vs. 34.1%; P < 0.001).


We found that: (1) the age of disease onset was lower and (2) the disease duration was longer in CR group. Pleuritic attacks, hematuria e proteinuria were more frequent in CR patients. We propose that depression is an important factor to consider in the susceptibility to CR.

Palavras-chave : Familial Mediterranean fever; Colchicine resistance; Treatment, Depression.

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