REAd. Revista Eletrônica de Administração (Porto Alegre)
On-line version ISSN 1413-2311
CARVALHO, Virgínia Donizete de; BORGES, Lívia de Oliveira and VIKAN, Arne. Organizational socialization: a comparative study among Brazilian and norwegian civil servants. REAd. Rev. eletrôn. adm. (Porto Alegre) [online]. 2012, vol.18, n.2, pp.339-371. ISSN 1413-2311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-23112012000200003.
The aim of the study was to analyze the organizational socialization outcomes among civil servants at two public universities, from different countries (Brazil and Norway), comparing the results obtained in a cross-cultural perspective. The samples were composed of professors and technical-administrative employees at a Brazilian university (N=72) and a Norwegian university (N=63). The data collection instruments used were the Organizational Socialization Inventory (OSI) and a sociodemographic form. Data analysis was preceded by a number of tests to verify possible distinct response styles among the respondents, as they came from different cultures. Descriptive analysis, t-tests and ANOVA were performed to identify and compare organizational socialization outcomes. The results showed that the Norwegian civil servants, in general, reported better integration to people compared to Brazilians, which tended to be more integrated to organization than Norwegians. It was also observed and interaction effect between nationality and occupation, so that only among Norwegians civil servants in distinct occupations the organizational socialization outcomes were homogeneous. At the Brazilian university, professors related to be more socialized than technical-administrative employees. Furthermore, Norwegian technical-administrative employees tended to be more socialized than their Brazilian counterparts, while Brazilian professors showed better socialization outcomes comparatively to Norwegian professors. Given the different contexts in which the two universities operate, some considerations about cultural orientations and their possible influence in the findings were proposed.
Keywords : Organizational Socialization; Cultural Context; Public Universities; Brazilian Civil Servants; Norwegian Civil Servants.