Revista Brasileira de Educação
versión impresa ISSN 1413-2478
SAVIAN, Dermeval y DUARTE, Newton. Human formation in the historical ontological perspective. Rev. Bras. Educ. [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.45, pp. 422-433. ISSN 1413-2478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-24782010000300002.
The theme of human formation is at the centre of the philosophy of education, whose aim is precisely the process of human promotion brought about by education. Starting from the critical vigilance proper to philosophy, the text sketches a phenomenology of the present time, verifying that the ideas prevailing in education at present are centred on the critique of reason and on the notions of truth and objectivity. This neo-pragmatism, which in the attempt to oppose metaphysics becomes deeply metaphysical, reducing everything to language, is contested by the authors with Marx's thoughts as a historicising philosophy that concerns not abstract subjects, but real individuals, historical subjects that are constituted as a synthesis of social relations. To that end, the authors resort to the historical ontological reflection on human formation contained in Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844. The article concludes by defending the proposition that access to the classics is a necessary condition for human formation.
Palabras llave : human formation; philosophy of education; Marxism.