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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
On-line version ISSN 1678-4669
CAPOVILLA, Fernando et al. Silent reading by deaf and hearing readers: logographic, alphabetical and lexical processes. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.1, pp. 15-23. ISSN 1678-4669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2005000100003.
The study used Word Reading Competence Test to analyze ideovisual, perilexical and lexical reading strategies by 805 6-45 year-old deaf students from 1st to 9th grade (1st grade elementary school to 1st grade high school). It identified a systematic increase in reading competence from 1st to 5th grade, and non-systematic increases until 9th grade. Results revealed double dissociation between deaf and hearing readers regarding error patterns across subtests: Hearing readers tended to be fooled more by phonological similarity than by visual similarity, whereas the opposite was found with deaf readers. Also, the hearing readers relied more on orthographic form than on semantic adequacy, whereas deaf readers did the opposite. Therefore, deaf reading was shown to depend essentially upon visual direct word recognition and semantic access mechanisms due to poor efficacy of perilexical checking mechanisms. Word Reading Competence Test was shown to be a valid instrument for assessing reading in deaf students.
Keywords : reading; assessment; deafness; sign language; language.