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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)

On-line version ISSN 1678-4669

Abstract

LOPES, Ederaldo José; LOPES, Renata Ferrarez Fernandes  and  GALERA, Cesar Alexis. Visuo-spatial working memory in 7-12 year old children. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.2, pp.207-214. ISSN 1678-4669.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2005000200007.

This study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms of visual-spatial memory in children. Seventy eight children took part in an experiment with four factors: children's age, stimuli spatial position, stimuli visual similarity, stimuli set color. The results have shown that all main factors are statistically meaningful. The oldest children presented a better performance than the youngest ones. Stimuli set formed by low similarity letters were better recollected than the stimuli set formed by high similarity letters. The recall of the spatial position of letters was better in trials where the letters of a set were presented in the same color. The percentage of correct recall changed meaningfully as a function of the spatial position in which the target had been presented. The results were interpreted according to models that emphasize aspects of development of cognitive strategies along with the human development, especially the working memory model.

Keywords : working memory; visuo-spatial memory; phonological memory; human development.

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