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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)

versão On-line ISSN 1678-4669

Resumo

SCHELINI, Patrícia Waltz. The fluid and crystallized intelligence theory: beginnings and development. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2006, vol.11, n.3, pp.323-332. ISSN 1678-4669.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2006000300010.

The goal of this study is to present the development of the fluid and crystallized intelligence theory. The conception of these two broad abilities, named Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence factors, or Gf-Gc, is discussed as capable of conciliating conceptions as those proposed by Spearman, Thornike and Thurstone. Initially a dichotomous representation of intelligence, the Gf-Gc model was modified since the 1960's and the most recent version is named Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory of cognitive abilities. It is concluded that this model will facilitate and improve the understanding of intelligence not as an unique and immutable capacity, but composed by multiple and modifiable capacities.

Palavras-chave : fluid intelligence; crystallized intelligence; cattell-horn-carroll's model.

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