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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
Print version ISSN 1413-294X
TAMAYO, Mauricio Robayo and TROCCOLI, Bartholomeu Tôrres. Construction and factorial validation of the Burnout Characterization Scale (ECB). Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.3, pp.213-221. ISSN 1413-294X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2009000300005.
This paper presents the development of the Burnout Characterization Scale (ECB). In the first study, 375 nurses and teachers answered the 77 items initial version of the ECB. Factor analysis revealed the factors Emotional Exhaustion (Alpha = 0.94); Dehumanization (Alpha = 0.88), Personal Achievement (Alpha = 0.76) and Disappointment in the Work (Alpha = 0.80). In the second study, 787 members of the police force answered the second 46 items version of the ECB. Factor analysis results showed the same three factors revealed in the first study: Emotional Exhaustion (Alpha = 0.93); Dehumanization (Alpha = 0.84) and Disappointment in the Work (Alpha = 0.90). The items of the factor Personal Achievement found in the first study were included in the factor Disappointment in the Work. The ECB's final version has 35 items. The factor Emotional Exhaustion had the greatest internal consistency. The internal consistencies of the two other factors were greater than the ones found in other measures of burnout.
Keywords : burnout; assessment; occupational stress.