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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)

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Abstract

FIAES, Carla Silva  and  BICHARA, Ilka Dias. Make-Believe play in autistic children: constraints and possibilities in the evolutionary perspective. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.3, pp. 231-238. ISSN 1413-294X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2009000300007.

The universal presence of play into the infancy suggests that this behavior must to have a great value adaptative to specie. Although universal, the play receive interference of developmental degree, as children with autism. The difficulties presented by autistic children on the play have came questions about the nature of symbolic play, if all make-believe include theory of mind and why a phenomenon universal emerge of differentiated way in the autism. The article discuss this questions to view of evolutionary psychology, illustrating relates of autistic children's spontaneous play collecting in educational institutions in the Salvador's City. The results suggests that the make believe episodes involves the presence of objects as supportive to developmental of the play. This fact is in accord with the description of some authors about the make-believe developmental, with the start more sustained for objects and independent of metarepresentation.

Keywords : play; autism; evolutionary psychology; theory of mind.

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