Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
Print version ISSN 1413-294X
VIEIRA, Viviane; VIEIRA, Mauro Luis and PRADO, Alessandra Bonassoli. The relationship between cultural models, social support and quality of family environment in context with different degrees of urbanization. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.3, pp. 209-217. ISSN 1413-294X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2011000300002.
The present study aimed to investigate the differences in perceived social support for mothers of three contexts with distinct urbanization; to analyze the correlation of support with the quality of the family environment and to establish which variables models explain the perceived support in each context. A total of 150 mothers living in three contexts answered a questionnaire about sociodemographic data, items of current quality of family life and Scale of Social Support. Through the statistical analysis it has been found significant differences in dimensions of Social Support, with best perception of the Affective and Emotional support in Eastern context and lower perception for material support in the Capital. In regression models, the number of children and current quality of family life proved to be the predictors of support. It has been concluded that the quality of family environment is important in supporting and both individual characteristics and cultural characteristics should be considered when investigating social support.
Keywords : social support; family relations; urbanization.