Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)
On-line version ISSN 1678-4669
RODRIGUEZ, Ana González. Case management programs: successes, failures and future challenges. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.3, pp.305-312. ISSN 1678-4669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-294X2011000300014.
The case management programs arise in the late 70's in the U.S., in response to problems identified during the process of deinstitutionalization of psychiatric hospitals. Since then, the case management and the assertive community treatment programs have spread throughout the world, with variations and particularities in different regions, becoming the cornerstone of the community care for people with severe and persistent mental illness. This article reviews the origins of these programs in U.S., their development for over thirty years around the world, the philosophy and objectives that have guided its evolution, as well as successes and failures in their development.
Keywords : assertive community treatment; case management; community-oriented mental health care.