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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

Print version ISSN 1413-3555On-line version ISSN 1809-9246

Abstract

FIGUEIREDO, IM; SAMPAIO, RF; MANCINI, MC  and  NASCIMENTO, MC. Functional gains and their relationship with functional components among workers with hand injuries. Rev. bras. fisioter. [online]. 2006, vol.10, n.4, pp.421-427. ISSN 1413-3555.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-35552006000400010.

OBJECTIVE: To document the outcomes from occupational therapy intervention among patients with hand injury resulting from work-related accidents, and to examine the relationships between the scores from the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) functional assessment and variables such as grip strength and diagnosis, at three times (admission, discharge and follow-up). METHOD: An observational longitudinal study was conducted. The sample consisted of 42 individuals who were referred for occupational therapy services at a public hospital in Belo Horizonte. The instruments used included a Jamar dynamometer to measure grip strength, hand goniometer for wrist and finger range of motion, Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments for sensitivity and the COPM functional test. RESULTS: The clinical parameters (grip strength, range of motion, sensitivity and functional performance) showed significant gains after the intervention. The initial COPM scores doubled after occupational therapy, thus providing evidence that the patients improved and were satisfied with their functional performance. There was a slight association between grip strength and the measurements evaluated by COPM. Other factors may be associated with functional use of the hand, since strength may be insufficient for predicting hand function. No differences were found between the diagnoses found in the sample and the COPM scores. CONCLUSION: The relationships documented in this study indicate the variables that are relevant to gains following occupational therapy interventions. This may contribute towards achieving interventions that are better focused, in terms of patients' expectations.

Keywords : Occupational Therapy; trauma; hand; functional assessment; work-related accident.

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