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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy

Print version ISSN 1413-3555On-line version ISSN 1809-9246


NUNES, Maria Célia R.; RIBEIRO, Rita C. L.; ROSADO, Lina E. F. P. L.  and  FRANCESCHINI, Sylvia C.. The influence of sociodemographic and epidemiological characteristics on the functional capacity of elderly residents in the city of Ubá, Minas Gerais. Rev. bras. fisioter. [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.5, pp.376-382.  Epub Nov 06, 2009. ISSN 1413-3555.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the functional capacity of elderly individuals and its determinants. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 397 elderly residents in the urban area of the city of Ubá, Minas Gerais. A semi-structured, pre-tested questionnaire was applied as an interview in order to assess the sociodemographic, economic and health characteristics of elderly individuals. The functional capacity was assessed by means of the scale of basic and instrumental activities of daily living. The associations between functional capacity and socioeconomic, demographic and epidemiological characteristics were investigated. Data were analyzed with the softwares Epi Info version 6.0 and SigmaStat. A significance level of 0.05 was considered. For statistical analysis, frequency distribution and measures of association (odds ratio) were performed between the functional capacity and the socioeconomic, demographic and epidemiological variables. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The impaired functional capacity was related to self-referred deteriorated health conditions, falls, female gender, widowhood, more advanced age, low educational level and income, and retirement from the job market. CONCLUSION: The lack of integral health care for the elderly, especially those without financial resources, can contribute negatively to worsened health conditions, especially functional capacity.

Keywords : Functional capacity; elderly; health; chronic illness.

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