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Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Print version ISSN 1413-3555
REIS, Júlia G. et al. Do muscle strengthening exercises improve performance in the 6-minute walk test in postmenopausal women?. Rev. bras. fisioter. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp. 236-240. Epub Apr 19, 2012. ISSN 1413-3555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-35552012005000022.
BACKGROUND: Walking speed seems to be related to aerobic capacity, lower limb strength, and functional mobility, however it is not clear whether there is a direct relationship between improvement in muscle strength and gait performance in early postmenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of muscle strengthening exercises on the performance of the 6-minute walk test in women within 5 years of menopause. METHODS: The women were randomized into control group (n=31), which performed no exercise, and exercise group (n=27), which performed muscle strengthening exercises. The exercises were performed twice a week for 3 months. The exercise protocol consisted of warm-up, stretching, and strengthening of the quadriceps, hamstring, calf, tibialis anterior, gluteus maximus, and abdominal muscles, followed by relaxation. Muscular strength training started with 60% of 1MR (2 series of 10-15 repetitions), reaching 85% until the end of the 3-month period (4 series of 6 repetitions each). RESULTS: The between-group comparisons pre- and post-intervention did not show any difference in distance walked, heart rate or blood pressure (p>0.05), but showed differences in muscle strength post-intervention, with the exercise group showing greater strength (p CONCLUSION: The results suggest that muscle strengthening of the lower limbs did not improve performance in the 6-minute walk test in this population of postmenopausal women.
Keywords : physical therapy; post-menopause; exercise program; muscle strength; 6-minute walk test.