Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental
versão On-line ISSN 1809-4457
HELLER, Léo e CASTRO, José Esteban. Public policy in environmental sanitation: theoretical and conceptual notes. Eng. Sanit. Ambient. [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.3, pp. 284-295. ISSN 1809-4457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-41522007000300008.
This article argues that there is an important gap in the literature regarding the central concepts and theoretical approaches dealing with the interface between public policy and environmental sanitation. Through a literature review, it explores how these approaches could be improved in order to make a contribution to the formulation of public policies that may increase effectiveness and efficiency in the field. The key points put forward are the need to: (i) integrate technical aspects with the process of formulation and implementation of public policies and (ii) include in the analysis the role of the systemic conditions and constraints in the process. The paper also places emphasis on the interdependency between policy formulation and the relevant socio-political-economic context, and provides insights for the development of rights-based approaches to the formulation and assessment of public policies in the environmental sanitation sector. The article also examines two fields in which the public policy debate can make important contributions: policy formulation and policy assessment. The conclusion suggests that the study of public policy in the environmental sanitation sector of developing countries should prioritize a number of questions and challenges that are briefly discussed.
Palavras-chave : Citizenship; policy assessment; governance; public policy; environmental sanitation.