Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental
versão impressa ISSN 1413-4152
VALE, Maria do Socorro et al. Toxicity effect of Cr (VI) and Zn (II) on growth of filamentous fungi Aspergillus niger isolated from industrial effluent. Eng. Sanit. Ambient. [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.3, pp. 237-244. ISSN 1413-4152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-41522011000300006.
Many standard processes of wastewater treatment use live microorganisms, which suggests limitations on a metal toxicity to the microorganism. The experiment consisted in adding mono elementary solutions of Cr (VI) and Zn (II) at different concentrations (0, 20, 50, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500 mg.L-1) to the growth mean, and to observe the influence of metals on mycelial and germinative growth of the Aspergillus niger fungus, by means of visual observation of the radial expansion of the mycelius and the germination of spores, followed by photograph registration. The results showed that the metabolism of the fungus was completely inhibited at concentrations above 500 mg Zn (II).L-1 and 150 mg Cr (VI).L-1. The ED50 (concentration of active ingredient capable of inhibiting 50% of mycelial growth of the fungus) for both metal ions, under the studied conditions, is in the range between 100 and 150 mg.L-1.
Palavras-chave : heavy metals; inhibition; mycelial growth; Aspergillus niger; ED50.