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Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental

versão impressa ISSN 1413-4152versão On-line ISSN 1809-4457

Resumo

BUENO, Marcelo Zawadzki; CORAL, Lucila Adriani; SENS, Mauricio Luiz  e  LAPOLLI, Flávio Rubens. Evaluation of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes on removal of carbofuran in drinking waters. Eng. Sanit. Ambient. [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.3, pp.447-458.  Epub 20-Jun-2016. ISSN 1809-4457.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-41522016121729.

The physicochemical complexity of micropollutants such as pesticides requires the use of advanced technologies of drinking water treatment. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the removal of carbofuran using commercial nanofiltration (NF90 - DowFilmtec(r)) and reverse osmosis (HR - Koch Membrane Systems(r)) membranes in a bench-scale system (batch operation). The effect of feed matrix quality (ultrapure water, raw water and pretreated water) with carbofuran (50 µgL-1) and the applied pressure (8 and 15 bar for NF90 and 15 and 30 bar for HR) were studied. For NF90, with ultrapure water matrix, the removal efficiencies were lower (89.4%), but the permeate flow was higher (132.1 Lm-2h-1) than those obtained with the raw water (98.4% - 94.7 Lm-2h-1) and pretreated water (95.2% - 95.3 Lm-2h-1) to 15 bar of pressure. For HR membrane relatively higher removals were observed for 30 bar of pressure for the three matrices, with a better behavior for raw water (99.7% - 49.7 Lm-2h-1). In accordance to the methodology adopted (low separation time in batch with recirculation), it can be concluded, therefore, that the pretreatment of raw water did not caused significant difference in carbofuran removal and did not influenced the permeate flux.

Palavras-chave : drinking water treatment; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis; carbofuran.

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