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Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental

versão impressa ISSN 1413-4152versão On-line ISSN 1809-4457

Resumo

GUEDES, Maria Josicleide Felipe  e  RIBEIRO, Márcia Maria Rios. Application of methodologies of environmental conflict analysis in Puxinanã (PB) landfill. Eng. Sanit. Ambient. [online]. 2017, vol.22, n.1, pp.81-93.  Epub 21-Nov-2016. ISSN 1413-4152.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-41522016147878.

The final disposal of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfill is discussed in this article in the context of environmental conflicts. From this perspective, the environmental conflict was analysed under the Puxinanã Landfill (ASP), in Paraiba, in the period from July 2009 to August 2014. Techniques were addressed and implemented, and they contributed to the analysis and understanding of environmental conflict in question, at the macro level, assisting with necessary information for decision making. The location of the ASP within hydrographic basin of the main spring that supplies the entire urban population of the municipality of Puxinanã (PB), plus the disposal of MSW of Campina Grande (PB) municipality in this landfill, aggravated the conflict. Through modeling the conflict using the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution (GMCR), some alternative solutions were identified according to the players involved and the interests of each part. In the three simulated scenarios, the construction of a new landfill for Puxinanã, as well as disposal of MSW Campina Grande in the landfill, was identified as an equilibrium for the conflict.

Palavras-chave : final disposal of solid waste; environmental conflicts; decision support tools.

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